Instructions to the Authors


Current Indian Eye Research, official scientific publication of Ophthalmic Research Group, is a peer-reviewed journal published both as print issue and online biannually. The journal’s full text is available online at The journal allows free access (Open Access) to its contents and permits authors to self-archive the final accepted version of the articles.



Current Indian Eye Research covers clinical, experimental, basic science research and translational research studies related to ophthalmology. Articles on basic science and interdisciplinary research are given preferences.   


  1. Guest Editorial (always invited)
  2. Review article (usually invited)
  3. Review article (CME) (also usually invited but all authors are welcome)
  4. Original article
  5. Brief communication (includes case series and case report)
  6. Research methodology
  7. Letter to the editor

Photo essay


  • A manuscript will be reviewed for possible publication with the understanding that it is being submitted to Current Indian Eye Research alone at that point in time and has not been published anywhere, simultaneously submitted, or already accepted for publication elsewhere.
  • The authors would authorize one of them to correspond with the Journal for manuscript related matters.
  • All manuscripts received are given a Manuscript Number.
  • On submission, editors review all the submitted manuscripts initially for suitability of peer review.
  • Manuscripts found suitable by section editor are sent to two or more reviewers for peer review, the selection of these reviewers is at the sole discretion of the editorial board.
  • Current Indian Eye Research follows a double-blind review process, wherein the reviewers and authors are unaware of each other’s identity.
  • The comments and suggestions (acceptance/ rejection/ amendments in manuscript) received from reviewers are conveyed to the corresponding author. If required, the author is requested to provide a point to point response to reviewers’ comments and submit a revised version of the manuscript. This process is repeated till reviewers and editors are satisfied with the manuscript.
  • Manuscripts accepted for publication are copy edited for grammar, punctuation, print style, and format.
  • The whole process of submission is completed online.
  • All the manuscripts are subjected to final editing by the Editor and the Editorial Board. Deletion of certain unacceptable terms from the manuscript or grammatical correction or final reformatting to comply with the publication standards performed at the stage of the final Editor’s draft will not be forwarded for author approval. 
  • Current Indian Eye Research needs registration details for publication of clinical trials.


Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to at least two of the components mentioned below: 

  1. Concept and design of study
  2. Acquisition of data
  3. Analysis and interpretation of data
  4. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content


Final version to be published must be approved by all authors.

Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content of the manuscript. The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution and decided mutually. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors.

The journal prefers limitation in number of authors for manuscripts depending upon the type of manuscript as follows: Review article and Research methodology: maximum four; Original article: maximum eight; Brief communication and Photo essay: maximum four. However there can be exception. The authors should provide a justification in the cover letter, if the number of authors exceeds these limits.

 Contribution Details


A description of contributions made by each author towards the manuscript must be incorporated in the cover letter. Corresponding author should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole from inception to published article and should be designated as ‘guarantor’. 

 Conflicts of Interest/ Competing Interests


All authors must disclose any and all conflicts of interest they may have with publication of the manuscript or an institution or product that is mentioned in the manuscript and/or is important to the outcome of the study presented. Authors should also disclose conflict of interest with products that compete with those mentioned in their manuscript. It is mandatory to disclose the conflict of interest for each author separately by the corresponding author during the main manuscript submission. Download conflict of interest forms here.



All manuscripts must be submitted on-line through the website

First time users will have to register at this site. Registration is free but mandatory. Registered authors can keep track of their articles after logging into the site using their user name and password. Authors do not have to pay for submission, processing or publication of articles.

 The manuscripts not submitted e as per the “Instructions to Authors” or without mandatory submission requirements (duly signed copyright transfer form, cover letter, conflict of interest statement, statement regarding ethics committee permission and informed consent (if necessary) in method section will not undergo editorial/ peer-review till corrected complete submission is received.

 Generally, the manuscript should be submitted in the form of three separate document files (Cover letter,  Title Page/First Page File and Manuscript file) along with Images and duly filled up forms (Contributors’ form, Copyright transfer form, Conflict of interest form):

[1] Cover letter: It should be addressed to editor, should contain the title of the article. It should also contain a statement that it is not being simultaneously submitted or being considered for submission to any other journal. Information regarding previous publication of any part of it/ presentations should be mentioned. It will be appreciated if author highlights what’s new in this work.


[2] Title Page/First Page File

This file should provide

  • The type of manuscript (guest editorial, original article, review article, brief communication, letter to the editor/letter in response,  photo essay)
  • Title of the manuscript, running title, names of all authors/ contributors (with their highest academic degrees, designation and affiliations) and name(s) of department(s) and/ or institution(s) to which the work should be credited. Only Microsoft Word files saved as .doc or .docx is accepted. Do not zip the files.
  • The total number of pages, total number of figures, tables and word count for the text (excluding the references, tables and abstract)
  • Source(s) of support in the form of grants, equipment, drugs, or all of these.
  • Acknowledgement, if any.
  • If the manuscript was presented (paper/poster) in at a meeting, the organization, place, and exact date on which it was presented. 
  •  Registration number in case of a clinical trial and where it is registered (name of the registry and its URL)
  • Conflicts of Interest of each author/ contributor. A statement (by corresponding author on behalf of other authors) of financial or other relationships that might lead to a conflict of interest.
  • A statement that the manuscript has been read and approved by all the authors, that the requirements for authorship as stated earlier in this document have been met, and that each author believes that the manuscript represents honest work and the author order has been mutually agreed upon.
  • The name, address, e-mail, and telephone number of the corresponding author, who is responsible for communicating with the other authors about revisions and resubmissions.

[3] Manuscript file (blinded article file):

No mention of names of authors or institutions should be included here. This may amount to rejection.

  • The main text of the article, beginning from Abstract, Key Words, Body of the Manuscript (in IMRAD sequence or as applicable to the specific type of manuscript), References, Tables with legends, Legend to Figures should be in this file in this specific sequence
  • Abstract: Structured abstract (Aim, Method, Result, Conclusion in that order) in maximum 300 words for original article. Abstract can be unstructured in brief communication and photo essay. No abstract is required in review article and research methodology.
  • Key words: Provide at least three key words separated by semicolon at the end of the abstract.
  • Word limit (excluding reference and tables)

Review article: Maximum 5500 words, 100 references

Original article: Maximum 3500 words, 50 references

Research methodology:  Maximum 3000 words, 20 references

Brief communication: Maximum 2500 words, 20 references

Photo essay : Maximum 1000 words, 10 references

  • For detailed description of Table see below.
  • The pages should be numbered consecutively, beginning with the first page of manuscript. Do not include the first page/title page file
  • Manuscripts not in compliance with the Journal’s blinding policy will be returned to the corresponding author.
  • Use Microsoft Word .doc or .docx files.
  • Do not zip the files.
  • Limit the file size to 1 MB
  • Do not incorporate Figures in the main manuscript file.
  • See detailed instructions for tables and figures below. 

[4] Images:

  • Submit good quality color images.
  • Each image should be less than 2 MB in size.
  • Minimum resolution should be 300 dpi.
  • Images can be submitted as JPEG (preferable) or TIFF files only. 
  • Graphs can be submitted as images separately without incorporating them in the article file. 
  • Do not zip the files.
  • Legends for the figures/images should be included at the end of the article file.
  • See specific instructions about the image quality and formatting – please scroll down to the section “Figures and Illustrations”
  • Color images will only be published if it is absolutely necessary at the discretion of editor. Authors should prepare figures/charts/diagrams in gray scale images. Please check if the necessary scientific content is established with gray scale image. As we do not charge any fees for publication, color images can only be accepted only in exceptional cases. We request authors to understand our compulsion.
  • For detailed description of quality of image see below.

[4] The Contributors’ / Copyright Transfer Form (template provided below) has to be submitted in original with the signature of corresponding author as a scanned image during submission.  Contributors’ form / copyright transfer form can be submitted online from the authors’ area on


Manuscripts must be prepared in accordance with “Uniform requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals” developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (October 2008). The uniform requirements and specific requirement of Current Indian Eye Research are summarized below. Before submitting a manuscript, contributors are requested to check for the latest instructions available. Instructions are also available from the website of the journal ( and from the manuscript submission site (

Manuscripts should be written in American English.



It is the responsibility of authors/ contributors to obtain permissions for reproducing any copyrighted material. A copy of the permission obtained must accompany the manuscript.


When reporting researches on human subjects, indicate in Material and methods section whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000. Do not use patients’ identity in any form. When reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for, or any national law on the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. A statement regarding permission from ethics committee must be included in Material and methods section. If the clearance was not necessary, that should be explained in detail in cover letter to the editor.


References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order).

Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript after the punctuation marks.

References cited only in tables or figure legends should be numbered in accordance with the sequence established by the first identification in the text of the particular table or figure.

The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus.

Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals.

Avoid using abstracts as references. Information from manuscripts submitted but not accepted should be cited in the text as “unpublished observations” with written permission from the source. Avoid citing a “personal communication” unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text.

The commonly cited types of references are shown here

Articles in Journals

  1. Standard journal article (for up to six authors): Khattab AM, Hagras SM, AbdElhamid A, Torky MA, Awad EA, Abdelhameed AG. Aflibercept with adjuvant micropulsed yellow laser versus aflibercept monotherapy in diabetic macular edema. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2019; 257: 1373-80.
  2. Standard journal article ahead of print (for up to six authors):Nghiem AZ, Nderitu P, Lukic M, Khatun M, Largan R, Kortuem K, Balaskas K, Sim D.Comparing diabetic retinopathy lesions in scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and colour fundus photography. Acta Ophthalmol 2019 Jul 8. [Epub ahead of print]
  3. Standard journal article (more than six authors): Sasongko MB, Wardhana FS, Febryanto GA, Agni AN, Supanji S, Indrayanti SR, et al. The estimated healthcare cost of diabetic retinopathy in Indonesia and its projection for 2025. Br J Ophthalmol 2019 Jul 8. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Standard journal article (more than six authors in a study group): Tromp J, Lim SL, Tay WT, Teng TK, Chandramouli C, Ouwerkerk W, et al; ASIAN-HF Investigators. Microvascular Disease in Patients With Diabetes With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Versus Preserved Ejection Fraction. Diabetes Care 2019 Jul 10. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Journal not indexed with index Medicus: Follow same style with full name of journal.
  6. Volume with supplement: Otranto D, Capelli G, Genchi C: Changing distribution patterns of canine vector borne diseases in Italy: leishmaniosis vs. dirofilariosis. Parasites & Vectors 2009; Suppl 1:

Books and Other Monographs

  1. Personal author(s): Ghosh S. Must knows in Ophthalmology.1st ed. Current books international. 2017.
  2. Chapter in a book: Sara Haug, Arthur D. Fu, Robert N. Johnson, H. Richard mcdonald, J. Michael Jumper, Emmett T. Cunningham Jr., Brandon J. Lujan. Fluorescein Angiography: Basic Principles and Interpretation In Ryan’s retina, 6th ed. Schachat AP (ed in chief). Elsevier, USA.2018, pp 1-76.


For other types of references please refer to ICMJE Guidelines ( or



  • Tables should be self-explanatory and should not duplicate textual material.
  • Tables with more than 5 columns and 20 rows are not acceptable.
  • Number tables, in Arabic numerals, consecutively in the order of their first citation in the text. The tables along with their number should be cited at the relevant place in the text
  • Provide a brief title (legend) for each table.
  • Tables with their legends should be provided at the end of the text after the references in the manuscript file
  • Place explanatory matter in footnotes, not in the heading.
  • Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table.
  • Obtain permission for all fully borrowed, adapted, and modified tables and provide a credit line in the footnote.
  • For footnotes use the following symbols, in this sequence: *, †, ‡, §, ||,¶ , **, ††, ‡‡
  • Tables should NOT be uploaded as separate files, images or additional material.

Figures and Illustrations


  • Upload the images ONLY in JPEG (preferable) or TIFF format.
  • The file size should be within 2MB in size while uploading.
  • Ensure that the image submitted has minimum resolution of 300 dpi or 1800 x 1600 pixels, is in CMYY and in JPEG or TIFF format.
  • Figures should be numbered using Arabic numerals consecutively according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.
  • Labels, numbers, and symbols should be clear and of uniform size.
  • Overall image MUST conform to standard proportions – 1:1, 2:3 or 3:4. Try to keep all the images in your manuscript equal in size as much as possible.
  • Images have to be nicely cropped to show the area of interest. The photographs and figures should be cropped to remove all the unwanted areas, particularly, all information that reveals the identity of the patient and the place of study. If identity of an individual(s) is revealed, their pictures must be accompanied by a signed permission to use the photograph. (see Protection of Patients’ Rights to Privacy section below)
  • Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background.
  • Detailed explanations should be in the legends and not on the illustrations themselves.
  • When you submit a COMPOSITE image consisting of several components, try and keep component images equal in size or at least maintain symmetry of pattern – square or a rectangle. Components are to be labeled as a, b, c etc in the order that they are cited in the manuscript or the legend. Not to use more than 8 components in one composite image. Components are to be labeled with Arial font in contrast, in white in a small black box in the bottom right corner of each component image. The lettering for should be large enough to be legible after reduction to fit the width of a printed column.
  • When graphs, scatter-grams or histograms are submitted the numerical data on which they are based should also be supplied.
  • If a figure is borrowed from elsewhere, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. A credit line should appear in the legend for such figures. 
  • Legend for Figures
  1. It should be incorporated in the manuscript file at the end, afterthe References Section (after Tables, if there is any table).
  2. Legends can be maximum of 50 words.
  3. When symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters are used to identify parts of the illustrations, identify and explain each one in the legend. Explain the internal scale (magnification) and identify the method of staining in photomicrographs. 
  • Try to have images professionally formatted
  • The Journal reserves the right to crop, rotate, reduce, or enlarge the photographs to an acceptable size. 

 Protection of Patients’ Rights to Privacy 

Identifying information should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, USG/CT/MRI/OCT/FA/ICG/OCTA or any othre scans, etc., and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian, wherever applicable) gives informed consent for publication. Authors should remove patients’ names from figures unless they have obtained informed consent from the patients. The journal abides by ICMJE guidelines:

1) Authors, need to obtain the patient consent form before the publication and have the form properly archived. The consent forms are not to be uploaded with the cover letter or sent through email to editorial or publisher offices. Corresponding author will need to give a declaration regarding this in cover letter. Neither the editor nor the publisher will bear any responsibility to obtain such consent.

2) If the manuscript contains patient images that preclude anonymity, or a description that has obvious indication to the identity of the patient, a statement about obtaining informed patient consent should be indicated in the manuscript.


Sending a Revised Manuscript 


The revised version of the manuscript should be submitted online in a manner similar to that used for submission of the manuscript for the first time. When submitting a revised manuscript, contributors should  include the ‘referees’ remarks along with point to point clarification at the beginning in the revised file itself. In addition, they are expected to mark the changes as underlined or colored text in the article.

Manuscript Submission, Processing and Publication Charges 


The journal does not charge for submission and processing of the manuscripts.




Copyright should be transferred to Current Indian Eye Research at the time of submission. However journal does not hold copyright if the article is rejected.   

The Journal, however, grants to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, perform and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, and also to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal non-commercial use subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. 





Covering Letter

  • Signed by corresponding author on behalf of all contributors
  • Previous publication / presentations mentioned
  • Source of funding mentioned
  • Conflicts of interest disclosed

Title page

  • Full title ( in title case, not all capitals)
  • Running title provided (not more than 50 characters)
  • Last name and given name provided along with Middle name initials (where applicable) of all authors
  • Author for correspondence, with e-mail address and phone number provided
  • Number of contributors restricted as per the instructions
  • Identity not revealed in paper except title page (e.g. name of the institute in Methods, citing previous study as ‘our study’, names on figure labels, name of institute in photographs, etc.)

Presentation and Format

  • Double spacing
  • Margins 2.5 cm from all four sides
  • Page numbers included at bottom
  • Uniformly American English
  • Write the full term for each abbreviation at its first use in the title, abstract, keywords and text separately unless it is a standard unit of measure.
  • Numerals from 1 to 10 spelt out
  • Numerals at the beginning of the sentence spelt out
  • If a brand name is cited, supply the manufacturer’s name and address (city and state/country).
  • Species names should be in italics


  • Starts in the first page of the manuscript file.
  • Abstract page contains the full title of the manuscript ( in title case, not all capitals)
  • Abstract is structured ( maximum 250 words for original articles, unstructured maximum 150 words for all other manuscript types except Letter to the Editor
  • Key words provided (three or more)


  • The references cited in the text should be after punctuation marks, in superscript.
  • References according to the journal’s instructions, punctuation marks checked
  • Send the article file without ‘Track Changes’

Tables and Figures

  • No repetition of data in tables and graphs and in text
  • Actual numbers from which graphs drawn, provided
  • Table and figure numbers in Arabic letters (not Roman)
  • Figure legends provided after reference in the manuscript file (not more than 50 words)
  • Patients’ privacy maintained
  • Permission for use of borrowed figures/tables provided
  • Write the full term for each abbreviation used in the table as a footnote


Articles considered fit for this journal are sent for peer review. The peer review in Current Indian Eye Research is a double blind process.